A Year Later: ReBuild by Design
Just about a year after Superstorm Sandy landed on the east coast causing an estimated $50 billion in damages, a project called ReBuild by Design is entering its second stage to help guide us towards recovery. An initiative of Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force, the design competition is soliciting ideas to increase resiliency across the Sandy-affected region. The first part of the competition was just completed; each team presented several opportunities in a public forum based on a three month research and analysis period. From this feedback, each will narrow the focus to one idea and work with stakeholders and communities to develop the design solution. The final proposals will be evaluated in March, and winning teams will receive funding for implementation with disaster recovery grants.
The proposals range widely. One that stood out to me include the team of MIT + ZUS + URBANISTEN, which imagines resiliency districts at the edges of flood zones. Looking at a range of data, the team discovered that flood zones at river deltas are particularly vulnerable in that those areas often contain critical infrastructure, sacrificed ecosystem services and polluted land. As the team points out “39 of the 52 liquid fuel storage terminals in the NY/NJ area are located within the flood plain and these contain 80% of the total area fuel. 75% of the net annual generation comes from 27 power stations that are in flood zones.” With 2.5 million people living in the flood zone in NYC and greater New Jersey, it makes sense to focus on this fragile areas, particularly with the pressures of development as the urban population grows.
Another that I thought was interesting was from OMA: it looks at a comprehensive approach for Hoboken, one that merges infrastructure, landscape, policy and drainage solutions. It includes a greenway around the city that would function as city-wide drainage via the pumphouses, and using the city’s canals for water storage and recreation.
Many of the proposed solutions offer a new view of looking at urban spaces, one that precludes private development from the shoreline and flood-prone areas in favor of community protection. I also love that most of these solutions embrace the inevitability of change; hard infrastructure won’t keep the water out for long, we have to work with the probability of extreme weather and design something that is as flexible and adaptable as possible.
Many more design opportunities can be found here.
images via OMA.